As we get older, our vision often changes. For many, this means needing glasses or contact lenses to enjoy life’s activities to the fullest. But for some, the need for corrective lenses is not due to age-related issues – it’s due to a condition called keratoconus. In this blog post, we’ll discuss what keratoconus is, the symptoms of keratoconus, and how it can be treated.
What is Keratoconus?
Keratoconus is a progressive eye disorder that affects the shape and clarity of your cornea. This can cause visual distortion and sensitivity to light, glare, and halos around lights at night. It usually appears in early adulthood between the ages of 10-25 but can also affect those over 60. While scientists are still trying to determine why keratoconus happens, they believe that genetic factors may play a role in its development.
Symptoms of Keratoconus
Keratoconus often starts with the mild blurring of vision and progresses over time until it causes more severe vision impairments such as astigmatism or nearsightedness (myopia). Other common symptoms include eye strain and headaches from squinting. Over time, keratoconus can also cause loss of contrast sensitivity which makes it difficult to see in low light situations and read small print easily. Additionally, patients may experience increased dry eyes due to scarring on the cornea caused by the condition.
Treatments for Keratoconus
For mild cases of keratoconus, prescription glasses or contact lenses can help correct vision problems associated with the condition. However, for more severe cases, there are several other treatments available, including corneal cross-linking (CXL), which uses ultraviolet light therapy to slow down the progression of keratoconus, and laser surgery which reshapes the tissue on your cornea using laser beams. Depending on your individual situation, your doctor will advise which option would be best suited for you.
Keratoconus is an eye disorder that affects millions worldwide and, if left untreated, can cause serious vision impairment over time. Fortunately, there are treatments available, ranging from glasses and contact lenses to more advanced procedures like CXL and laser surgery, depending on your individual situation. If you have any concerns regarding your vision or think you may have keratoconus, then it’s important to schedule an appointment with an optometrist or ophthalmologist immediately so that they can diagnose you properly and recommend the best treatment plan for you!
Contact New Vision Eye Center at 772. 257.8700 to schedule an appointment if you suspect you may have keratoconus or any other issues with your vision.